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Monday, 31 May 2021

 Active Voice se Passive Voice kaise banaye 

Active Voice से Passive Voice कैसे बनाये 

आज हम आप Active से Passive बनने के लिए कुछ simple नियम बतायेंगे जिस आप आसानी से Active से Passive बना सकते है।

 आओं सीखे Active Passive कैसे बनाये Active Passive kaise banaye


Active Voice se Passive Voice kaise banaye



आओं सीखे Active Passive कैसे बनाये

Active Passive एक ऐसा Chapter है जो High School Exam में 2 से 4 marks आता है  

Active Passive कुछ फ़ॉर्मूले दिए गये है जिससे आप Active Passive के प्रश्नो को देखकर ही Answer बता दोगे।

नीचे दिए गए सम्पूर्ण नोट्स को अन्त तक ध्यानपूर्वक पढ़े जिससे आपके परीक्षा में एक भी नम्बर छूटे  ना।


Voice दो प्रकार के होते हैं

(1) Active ( सक्रिय कर्ता प्रधान)        

(2) Passive (निष्क्रिय कर्म प्रधान)

Rule 1. Active से Passive बनाते समय subject को object में तथा object को subject में बदलते है।

Rule 2. Passive Voice में सदैव VIII form का प्रयोग करते है और object से पहले by लगाते है।

Note 1. Active से Passive केवल आठ प्रकार के वाक्यों की बनती है और अकर्मक क्रियाओ (Intransitive Verbs) की Passive Voice नहीं बनती है।

Note 2. Present Perfect Continuous Tense, Past Perfect Continuous Tense, Future Continuous Tense तथा Future Perfect Continuous Tense की Passive Voice नहीं बनती है।

Rule  यदि वाक्यो मे object him दिया हो तो उसे subject He में बदल देते हैं इसी प्रकार us को we में, them को they में, her को She में, me को I में it को it में, you को you में, तथा नाम को नहीं बदलते हैं।


     PRESENT INDEFINITE TENSE 


     Passive Voice Formula 

    P.F.  object (Subject)+is/am/are+VIII+o.w.+by+Sub (Object)+.


    Ex 1. Ramesh teaches us science. (Active) 

         We are taught science by Ramesh. (Passive)

    Ex 2. I play cricket with my friends. (Active)

          Cricket is played with my friend by me. (Passive)


    Passive Voice Formula 

    N.F.  Sub+is/am/are+not+VIII+o.w.+by+obj+.


    Ex 1. He does not give me three apples. (Active)

          I am not given three apples by him. (Passive)

    Ex 2. Sheela does not prepare food. (Active)

         Food is not prepared by Sheela. (Passive)


    Note Passive Voice बनाते समय Do/Does को हटा देते है।


    Passive Voice Formula 

    Int.F(A) 

    Is/am/are+Sub+not+VIII+o.w.+by+.obj+?

    Ex 1. Do they help us today? (Active)

         Are we helped today by them? (Passive)

    Ex 2. Does Sohan learn his lesson? (Active)

          Is his lesson learnt by Sohan? (Passive)


    Passive Voice Formula 

    D.Int.F(B)

    Q.W.+is/am/are+Sub+not+VIII+o.w.+by+Object +?

    Ex 1. Where do the boys play the match? (Active)

         Where is the match played by the boys? (Passive)

    Ex 2. Why does she not do her work? (Active)

         Why is her work not done by her? (Passive)


    Note  'Who' को Passive Voice में By Whom में बदल देते हैं।


    Ex  Who loves you? (Active)

         By whom are you loved? (Passive)


     PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE 


    Rule Present Continuous Tense की Active से Passive बनाते समय Is/am/are के बाद being लगाते हैं। फिर इसके बाद VIII  का प्रयोग करते हैं।

    P.F.  Subject+is/am/are+being+VIII+o.w.+by+obj+.$ 

    Ex 1. A man is buying some mangoes. (Active)

         Some mangoes are being bought by a man. (Passive)

    Ex 2. Student are doing a lot of of work. (Active)

         A lot of work is being done by students. (Passive)


    N.F. Sub+is/am/are+not+being+VIII+o.w.+by++obj+.

    Ex 1. She is not listening a story. (Active)

         A story is not being listened by her. (Passive)

    Ex 2. The boys are not writing a letter. (Active)

         A letter is not being written by the boys(Passive)


    Int.F(A)  Is/am/are+Sub+not+being+VIII+o.w.+by+Object +?

    Ex Is the teacher not teaching us an interesting story? (Active)

        Are we not being taught an interesting story by the teacher? (Passive)


    D.Int.(B)

    Q.W.+is/am/are+Sub+not+being +VIII+o.w.+by+Obj+?

    Ex 1. Why are you not washing your clothes? (Active)

         Why are your clothes not being washed by you? (Passive)

    Ex 2. How are we doing this work? (Active)

         How is this work being done by us? (Passive)


     PRESENT PERFECT TENSE 


    P.F. Sub+has/have+been+VIII+o.w.+by+Obj+.

    Ex 1. Hardik has written an essay. (Active)

         An essay has been written by Hardik(Passive)

    Ex 2. He has written a new novel. (Active)

         A new  novel has been written by him. (Passive)


    N.F. Sub+has/have+not+been+VIII+o.w.+by+Obj+.

    Ex 1. She has not finished her work. (Active)

         Her work has not been finished by her. (Passive)

    Ex 2. I have not taken my food today. (Active)

          My food has not  been taken today by me. (Passive)


    Int.F(A)  Has/Have+Sub+not+been+VIII+o.w.+by+Obj+?

    Ex 1. Has she finished her home work? (Active)

          Has her home work been finished by her? (Passive)

    Ex 2. Have you written him two letters? (Active)

          Has he been written two letters by you? (Passive)


    D.Int.F(B)

    Q.W.+has/have+Sub+not+been+VIII+o.w.+by+Obj+?

    Ex Where have they put their book? (Active)

          Where has their book been put by them? (Passive)


    Note  'Who' को By whom में बदल देते है।


    Ex Who has broken this chair? (Active)

          By whom has this chair been broken? (Passive)


     PAST INDEFINITE TENSE 


    Rule 1 Active से Passive बनाते समय Subject को Object में तथा Object को Subject में बदलते हैं।

    Rule 2 Passive Voice में सदैव VIII का प्रयोग करते है और Object से पहलें by लगाते हैं।


    Passive Voice Formula 

    P.F.  Sub+was/were+VIII+o.w.+by+obj+.

    Ex 1. He laughed at me.

         I was laughed at by him.

    Ex 2. Our team won the match yesterday. 

       The match was won yesterday by our team. 


    Passive Voice Formula 

    Rule Negative Sentence में Did नहीं लगाते है।

    N.F. Sub+was/were+not+VIII+o.w.+by+obj+.

    Ex 1. We did not import sugar last year. 

          Sugar was not imported last year by us.

    Ex 2. I never misuse you. 

          You were never misused by me.


    Passive Voice Formula 

    Rule Interrogative Sentences में भी Did हटाकर Passive Voice बनाते है।

    Int.F (A) Was/Were/Sub+not+VIII+o.w.+by+obj+?

    Ex 1. Did he help me yesterday?

          Was I helped yesterday  by him?

    Ex 2. Did you complete your work on schedule? 

        Was your work completed on schedule by you?


    Passive Voice Formula 

    Rule Interrogative Sentences में Passive Voice बनाते समय कर्ता के अनुसार was या were लगाते है।

    D.Int.F (B)  Q.W.+was/were+Sub+not+VIII+o.w.+by+obj+?

    Ex 1. Why did the mother loves her child?

       Why was her child loved by the child ?

    Ex 2. Why did you not give me my pen?

         Why was I not given my pen by you?

    Ex 3. Who loves you?

          By whom were you loved?


     PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE 


    Passive Voice Formula

    Rule  Past Continuous Tense में Passive Voice बनाते समय कर्त्ता के अनुसार was/were तथा उसके बाद being लगा देते है।

    P.F. Sub+was/were+being+VIII+o.w.+by+obj+.

    Ex 1. I was drinking a Pepsi. 

         A pepsi was being drunk by me. 

    Ex 2. Deepak was playing cricket. 

         Cricket was being played by Deepak.


    Passive Voice Formula 

    N.F.  Sub+was/were+not+being+VIII+o.w.+by+obj+.

    Ex 1. Ramesh was not obeying his teacher.

          His teacher was not being obeyed by Ramesh. 

    Ex 2. I was not  buying a pen from him by me.

         A pen was not being bought from him by me.


    Passive Voice Formula 

    Int.F.(A)  Was/were+sub+not+being+VIII+o.w.+by+obj+?

    Ex 1. Was he drinking water?

         Was water being drunk by him?

    Ex 2. Were you buying a pen yesterday.?

         Was a pen being bought yesterday by you?


    Passive Voice Formula 

    D.Int.F (B)  Q.W.+was/were+sub+being+VII+o.w.+by+obj+?

    Ex 1. Where was he putting the cycle?

         Where was the cycle being put by him?

    Ex 2. Who was playing the match?

         By whom was the match being played?


     PAST PERFECT TENSE 


    Passive Voice Formula 

    Rule  इस Tense के प्रत्येक कर्त्ता के बाद had been लगा देते है।

    P.F.  Sub+had++been+VIII+o.w.+by+by+obj+.

    Ex 1. The boys had made a noise in the classroom. 

         A noise had been made in the classroom by the boys. 

    Ex 2. I had given him my pen.

          He had been given my pen by me. 


    Passive Voice Formula 

    N.F.  Sub+had+not+been+VIII+o.w.+by+ohj+.

    Ex 1. She had not slapped you. 

       You had not been slapped by her.

    Ex 2. We had never visited the Taj before. 

          The Taj had never been visited before by us.


    Passive Voice Formula 

    Int.F (A).  Had+sub+ not+been +VIII+o.w.+by+obj+?

    Ex 1. Had they given him a pen yesterday?

       Had he been given a pen yesterday by them?

    Ex 2. Had they played the match?

         Had the match been played by them?


    Passive Voice Formula 

    D.Int (B) 

    Q.W.+had+sub+not+been+VIII+o.w.++by+obj+?

    Ex 1. When had we helped them yesterday?

         When had they been helped yesterday by us?

    Ex 2. Why had this gardener not watering his plants today?

         Why had his plants not been watered today by this gardener?

    Ex 3. Who had torn this copy?

          By whom had this copy been torn?


    Rule 1 Active Voice से Passive Voice बनाते समय Subject (कर्त्ता) को Object (कर्म) में तथा Object (कर्म) को Subject (कर्त्ता) में बदलते हैं।

    Rule 2 Passive Voice में सदैव VIII का प्रयोग करते है और Object से पहलें by लगाते हैं।


     FUTURE INDEFINITE TENSE 


    Passive Voice Formula 

    Rule  Future Indefinite Tense में Subject के अनुसार will या shall के बाद be लगाते है।

    P.F.  Sub+will/shall+be+VIII+o.w.+by+Object+.

    Ex 1. I shall give him a glass. (Active)

          He will be given a glass by me. (Passive)

                    Or

          A glass will be given him by me. (Passive)

    Ex 2. He will learn his lesson tomorrow. (Active)

           His lesson will be learnt tomorrow by him. (Passive)


    Passive Voice Formula 

    Rule Negative Sentence में will/shall सहायक क्रिया तथा be के बीच में not लगा देते हैं।

    N.F. Sub+will/shall+not+be+VIII+o.w.+by+obj+.

    Ex 1. He will not obey his father. (Active)

          His father will not be obeyed by him. (Passive)

    Ex 2. He will never wash his clothes. (Active)

          His clothes will never be washed by him. (Passive)


    Passive Voice Formula 

    Rule यदि Interrogative Sentences में Will या shall शुरु मेें आया हो तो Passive Voice बनाते समय will या shall को Subject (कर्त्ता) के अनुसार वाक्य के शुुरू में लगाते हैं।

    Int.F (A)  Will/Shall+sub+not+be+VIII+o.w.+by+obj+?

    Ex 1. Will he call me? (Active)

           Shall I be called by him? (Passive)

    Ex 2. Will they buy some books tomorrow? (Active)

          Will some books be bought tomorrow by them? (Passive)


    Passive Voice Formula 

    D.Int.F (B)

    Q.W.+will/shall+sub+not+be+VIII+o.w.+by+obj+?

    Ex 1. How will the boys do this work? (Active)

          How will this work be done by the boys? (Passive)

    Ex 2. Where will he play hockey today? (Active)

          Where will hockey be played today by him? (Passive)

    Ex 3. Who will beat him tomorrow? (Active)

           By whom will he be beaten tomorrow? (Passive)


     FUTURE PERFECT TENSE 


    Passive Voice Formula 

    Rule इस Tense में कर्ता के अनुसार will have been या shall have been लगाते हैं।

    P.F.  Sub+Will/Shall+have been+VIII+o.w.+by+obj+.

    Ex 1. He will have taught your brother? (Active)

          Your brother will have been taught by him. (Passive)

    Ex 2. You will have finished your work. (Active)

         Your work will have been finished by you. (Passive)


    Passive Voice Formula 

    Rule Negative Sentences में will/shall तथा have been के बीच में not लगाते है।

    N.F.  Sub+will/shall+not+have been+VIII+o.w.+by+obj+.

    Ex 1. The doctor will not have looked the patient. (Active)

          The patient will not have been looked by the doctor. (Passive)

    Ex 2. I shall not have bought five mangoes. (Active)

          Five mangoes will not have been bought by me. (Passive)


    Passive Voice Formula 

    Int.F (A) Will/Shall+sub+not+have been+VIII+o.w.+by+obj+?

    Ex 1. Will you have learnt your lesson? (Active)

          Will your lesson have been learnt by you? (Active)

    Ex 2. Will he have copied the question before the principal comes in your room? (Active)

          Will the question have been copied by him before the principal comes in your room? (Passive)


    Passive Voice Formula 

    D.Int.F (B)

    Q.W.+will/shall+sub+not+have been+VIII+o.w.+by+object+?

    Ex 1. When will he have taught me? (Active)

          When shall I have been taught by him? (Passive)

    Ex 2. Why will you have played  Cricket? (Active)

         Why will Cricket have been played by you? (Passive)


    Active Passive एक साधारण अध्याय है। आज हम आपको कुछ नियम बताते हैं ताकि आप एक बहुत ही आसान तरीके से Active Passive बना सकते हैं।



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