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Monday, 31 May 2021

 Active Passive कैसे बनाये फुल नोटस 

जानिए Active Passive Notes टिप्स, trick कैसे लिखें 

आज दोस्तों हम सीखेगें Active Passive step by step kaise banaye


Active से Passive बनाने के कुछ विशेष नियम



Active Passive Voice kaise banaye 

दोस्तो आज हम सीखेगे कि Active Passive कैसे बनाये Active Passive के कुछ विशेष नियम जानने चाहिए जो परीक्षा की दृष्टिकोण से बहुत महत्वपूर्ण है इसलिय इस पोस्ट last तक ध्यानपूर्वक पढ़े।

IMPERATIVE Sentences कुछ महत्वपूर्ण नियम दिए गये हैं 


IMPERATIVE SENTENCES 

  

Passive Voice Formula 


P.F.  Let+Object+be+VIII+(By you)

               Or

 You are ordered to +VI+.............+.

Ex 1. Do it. (Active)

      Let it be done. (Passive)

Ex 2. Help the poor. (Active)

      Let the poor be helped. (Passive)

Ex 3. Do this work. (Active)

      Let this work be done. (Passive)

                  Or

      You are ordered to do this work. (Passive)

Ex 4. Work hard. (Active)

       You are advised to work hard. (Passive)

Ex 5. Throw the garbage in dustbin. (Active)

       You are advised to throw the garbage in dustbin. (Passive)

Ex 6. Pay attention to the words of your mother. (Active)

       Let attention be paid (by you) to the words of your mother. (Passive)


Passive Voice Formula 


N.F.  Let+Object+not+be+VIII+.

                Or

 You're ordered not to +VI+........+.


Note  Passive Voice बनाते समय Do को हटा देते है।

Ex 1. Do not tell a lie. (Active)

       Let a lie not be told. (Passive)

                 Or

       You are advised not to tell a lie. (Passive)

Ex 2. Do not beat him. (Active)

       Let him not be beaten. (Passive)

Ex 3. Do not advise her the mystery. (Active)

      Let the mystery not be advised to her. (Passive)

Ex 4. Never insult the poor. (Active)

       Let the poor never be insulted. (Passive)


Note  यदि Active Voice में Please/Kindly आदि शब्द दिए हो तो Passive Voice बनाते समय इन्हें हटा देते है और इनके स्थान पर You are requested to +VI से जोड़ देते है।


Ex 1. Please help me. (Active)

      You are requested to help me. (Passive)

Ex 2. Please do not disturb the students. (Active)

      You are requested not to disturb the students. (Passive)

Ex 3. Kindly give me a chance. (Active)

      You are requested to give me a chance. (Passive)


Note  यदि Active Voice में Let दिया हो और दो objects का प्रयोग हुआ हो तो बाद वाले object को Let के बाद लगाते हैं तथा Let वाले Object को by के बाद लगाते है।


Note Let के बाद सदैव Object आता है, Subject नही।

Ex 1. Let me copy this letter. (Active)

       Let this letter be copied by me. (Passive)

Ex 2. Let him not copy in the classroom. (Active)

       Let him not be copied in the classroom. (Passive)

Ex 3. Let me do it. (Active)

       Let it be done by me. (Passive)


Special Rules of Active Passive Voice 


Rule 1. यदि Active Voice में can, could, may, might, would, should, must आदि क्रियाएँ आती है तो Passive Voice में इनके बाद be+VIII लगाते है।

Ex 1. They can finish the work in time. (Active)

       The work can be finished in time by them. (Passive)

Ex 2. We may have these books in the bazar. (Active)

      These books may be had in the bazar by us. (Passive)

Ex 3. You should remove the garbage from here.  (Active)

      The garbage should be removed from here by you. (Passive)

Ex 4. You must learn this lesson today. (Active)

      This lesson must be learnt today by you. (Passive)

Ex 5. Should we inform the police? (Active)

       Should the police be informed by us? (Passive)


Rule 2. यदि Active Voice में is to, am to, are to, was to, were to, has to, have to, had to आदि क्रियाएँ दी हो तो इनके बाद be+VIII का प्रयोग करते हैं।

Ex 1. She has to decide the matter. (Active)

       The matter has to be decided by her. (Passive)

Ex 2. She is to cook food. (Active)

      Food is to be cooked by her. (Passive)

Ex 3. You have to write a letter. (Active)

       A letter has to be written by you. (Passive)


Rule 3. यदि Active Voice में they say, they said, we said, we say, I say, I said आदि शब्द दिए हो तथा Active का कोई Object पूरी Clause (उपवाक्य) हो तो Passive Voice में इन शब्दो के स्थान पर It is said या It was said कर देते हैं तथा शेष वाक्य को ज्यों का त्यों जोड़ देते हैं।

Ex 1. They say that God lives everywhere. (Active)

      It is said that God lives everywhere. (Passive)

Ex 2. We said that the sun is hot. (Active)

      It was said that the sun is hot. (Passive)


Rule 4. कुछ महत्वपूर्ण कर्त्ताओ को Passive Voice में by का Object नहीं बनाते हैं अर्थात् इन कर्त्ताओ को हटा देते है। जैसे Someone, noone, everyone, somebody, everybody, people आदि

Ex People speak English. (Active)

      English is spoken. (Passive)


Rule 5. कुछ क्रियाओ के बाद Passive Voice में by के स्थान पर अन्य Prepositions आती है।

(a) known व obliged आदि Verbs के साथ Preposition 'to' का प्रयोग होता है।

Ex 1. I known him well. (Active)

       He is well known to me. (Passive)

Ex 2. He will oblige me. (Active)

       I shall be obliged to him. (Passive)


(b) Surprised, astonished, displeased, disappointed, alarmed, distressed तथा shocked Verbs के बाद Passive Voice में 'at' का प्रयोग करते हैं।

Ex 1. His condition astonished me. (Active)

       I was astonished at his condition. (Passive)

Ex 2. Your bad behavior has displeased me. (Active)

       I have been displeased at your bad behavior. (Passive)


(c) Satisfied, pleased तथा disgusted Verbs के बाद Passive Voice में 'with' का प्रयोग करते हैं।

Ex 1. His servant disgusted him. (Active)

      He was disgusted with his servant. (Passive)

Ex 2. He does not please anybody. (Active)

      Anybody is pleased with him. (Passive)


(d) Contained, consisted तथा intrested Verbs के बाद Passive Voice में 'in' का प्रयोग होता है।

Ex 1. This jug contains milk. (Active)

      Milk is contained in this jug. (Passive)

Ex 2. Her work intrests me. (Active)

       I am intrested in her work. (Passive)



उपरोक्त दिये गये Active Passive के महत्वपूर्ण नियमों को बहुत ही simple में समझाया गया है। ऐसी ही Active Passive Notes पाने के लिए जुड़े रहे है।

आपको यह हमारी पोस्ट अच्छी लगी हो तो कमेंट करके जरूर बताएं धन्यवाद।


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